This is a partial list of books used in researching for Stronger than Death. It consists only of books. For links to articles, videos, essays, and resources online, refer to the endnotes in Stronger than Death.



A Bed for the Night: Humanitarianism in Crisis, by David Reif

When Helping Hurts: How to Alleviate Poverty without Hurting the Poor…and Yourself, by Steve Corbett and Brian Fikkert

Aid and Authoritarianism in Africa, by Tobias Hagmann

The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good, by William Easterly

Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How there is a Better Way for Africa, by Dambiso Moyo

The Locust Effect: Why the End of Poverty Requires the End of Violence, by Gary S. Haugen

Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide, by Nicolas Kristoff and Sheryl WuDunn



The Pope and Mussolini, by David Kertzer

I Giorni Che Sconvolsero Forli, by Marco Viroli and Gabriele Zelli

The Tigress of Forli: Renaissance Italy’s Most Courageous and Notorious Countess, by Elizabeth Lev



Annalena’s “Friends”

Etty Hillesum: Essential Writings

Etty Hillesum: an Interrupted Life

Charles de Foucauld, by Jean-Jacques Antier



Kenya, Somalia, and Somaliland

Black Hawk Down: a Story of Modern War, by Mark Bowden

Learning from Somalia, the Lessons of Armed Humanitarian Intervention, by Walter S. Clarke

Me Against My Brother: at War in Somalia, Sudan, and Rwanda, by Scott Peterson

Mending Rips in the Sky: Options for Somali Communities in the 21stCentury, by Hussein M. Adam and Richard Foster

Operation Restore Hope: the US Army in Somalia 1992-1994, by Richard Stewart

Somalia, the Untold Story: the War through the Eyes of Somali Women, by Judith Gardner and Judy El Bushra

Stoics without Pillows, by John Drysdale

The Road to Hell, by Michael Maren

Understanding Somalia: Culture, History, and Society, by I.M. Lewis

Warriors: Life and Death Among the Somalis by Gerald Hanley

Letteres dal Kenya

Letteres dal Somaliland

Letteres dal Somalia

Different Drums, by Michael Wood

Lettera dal mio Figlio, by Mario Neri

Operazione Somalia: La dittatura, l’opposizione, la guerra civile, by Mario Sica

Where Soldiers Fear to Tread: a Relief Worker’s Tale of Survival, by John Burnett

The Mad Mullah, by Doug Jardine

Blood on the Runway, by Salah Abdi Sheikh

Getting Somalia Wrong: Faith, Hope, and War in a Shattered State, by Mary Harper

The Insanity of God, by Nik Ripken

The Road to Zero, by Mohamed Osman Omar

Io Sono Nessuno

Bandits on the Border, by Nene Mburu

War Destroys, Peace Nurtures, by Hussein M. Adam, Edna Aden, Richard Foster

Saints and Somalis: Popular Islam in a Clan Based Society, by I.M. Lewis

Nine Faces of Kenya, by Karen Blixen

War Clouds on the Horn of Africa, by Tom J. Farer

Becoming Somaliland, by Mark Bradbury

The Shaping of Somali Society, by Lee V. Cassanelli

Somalia, the Missed Opportunities, by Mohamed Sahnoun

Inside Al-Shabaab: the Secret History of al-Qaeda’s Most Powerful Ally, by Harun Maruf and Dan Joseph

Call Me American, by Abdi Nor Iftin

The Mayor of Mogadishu: a Story of Chaos and Redemption in the Ruins of Somalia, by Andrew Harding

City of Thorns: Nine Lives in the World’s Largest Refugee Camp, by Ben Rawlence

Teaching My Mother How to Give Birth, by Warsan Shire

Desert Flower, by Waris Dirie

Saa Waxay Tiri; Maansadii iyou Waayihii Xaawa Jibriil, translation by Faduma Ahmed Alim

Born in the Big Rains: a Memoir of Survival and Somalia, by Fadumo Korn

Female Circumcision: Multicultural Perspectives, by Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf

FGM in Djibouti, Miriam Martinelli, PhD thesis

Aman: the story of a Somali Girl

From a Crooked Rib, and others, by Nuruddin Farah

A Pied Cloak: Memoirs of a Colonial Police Officer, by Derek Franklin

Born Wild: the Extraordinary Story of One Man’s Passion for Africa, by Tony Fitzjohn

Keeping Hope Alive: One Woman – 90,000 Lives Changed, by Hawa Abdi



Tuberculosis and Disease

Mountains Beyond Mountains the Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, a man who would cure the world, by Tracy Kidder

On Immunity: an Inoculation, by Eula Biss

Regarding the Pain of Others, by Susan Sontag

Illness as Metaphor, by Susan Sontag

The Forgotten Plague: How the Battle Against Tuberculosis was Won – and Lost, by Frank Ryan

Timebomb, The Global Epidemic of Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis by Lee B. Reichman

Discovering Tuberculosis: a Global History, 1900-the Present, by Christian McMillan

The Remedy: Robert Koch, Arthur Conan Doyle and the Quest to Cure Tuberculosis, by Thomas Goetz

Pathologies of Power, and Infections and Inequalities, and more, by Paul Farmer

Bandit or Patriot

Pandemic: Tracking Contagions from Cholera to Ebola and Beyond, by Sonia Shah

Catching Breath: the Making and Unmaking of Tuberculosis, by Kathryn Lougheed

Spitting Blood: the History of Tuberculosis, by Helen Bynum

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, by Rebecca Skloot

Second Suns: Two Trailblazing Doctors and their Quest to Cure Blindness, One Pair of Eyes at aTime, by David Oliver Relin

The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures,  by Anne Fadiman


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